NURHI Phase 1 (2009 – 2015)
Phase 1 of NURHI was implemented in six cities (Federal Capital Territory, Ibadan, Ilorin, Kaduna, Benin and Zaria). According to the 2013 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey, it contributed to significant increases in contraceptive prevalence in these cities.
Oyo State lies in the Southwest corner of Nigeria. It is the fourth most populated State in Nigeria with a total population of 7,840,864 according to the 2006 National Population and Housing Census (NPC). With 33 Local Government Areas, Oyo State is primarily agricultural. Ibadan is the capital and most populous city in the State. With a population of approximately 6 million, Ibadan is Nigeria’s third most populous city.
In terms of culture and religion, Oyo State is mainly inhabited by the Yoruba ethnic group who are primarily agrarian. Most of the population are Muslim (60.4%); the second most commonly practiced religion is Christianity (39.6%) (2013 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey).
According to the 2015 Monitoring Learning and Evaluation Cross-sectional Survey, 33.3% of married women in Oyo State were using a modern method, and 11.4% were using traditional methods of contraception, including rhythm method, withdrawal and standard days method.
A 2016 secondary analysis of the 2013 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey findings from Oyo State conducted by Prof. Stella Babalola and Mr. Akin Akiode identified the following key drivers to increased contraceptive uptake in the State: